A federal judge certified the second of three class actions filed over the New York City Police Department’s controversial stop-and-frisk practices, according to Courthouse News Service.
Jaenean Ligon leads the class in this case, made up of Latino and black New Yorkers who oppose police stops on suspicion of trespass outside certain privately owned buildings in the Bronx.
Before a court found the practice unconstitutional, police claimed the right to make stops in private buildings that are enrolled in the Trespass Affidavit Program, which was formerly known in the Bronx as Operation Clean Halls.
Another class action, Floyd v. City of New York, broadly addresses racial disparities in stops. A third class action, Davis v. City of New York, targets “vertical patrols” in public housing complexes.
U.S. District Judge Scheindlin presides over all three cases, and she has sided consistently against the NYPD. So far, she has approved claims in all three cases, certified classes in the Floyd and Ligon cases, and granted a preliminary injunction in the Ligon lawsuit after holding a public hearing late last year. Witnesses there included a Columbia professor and former assistant district attorney from the Bronx, who testified that the NYPD has illegally stopped people in the Bronx without reasonable suspicion of a crime.